The hybrid and transnational nature of current conflicts represent one of today’s most pressing global security challenges; with crises spanning from western Africa to the Himalayas. This paper examines issues of intervention and security as applied to conflicts that feature significant levels of armed fragmentation and are afflicted by varying levels of transnational security threats. These include terrorism, organized crime, cross-border sectarian insurgencies, and the like. It also evaluates the policies, strategies and mechanisms in place to address these threats and makes recommendations for a strengthened international response in the context of UN peace operations. The paper draws from the Malian conflict to reflect on these issues.

About the author
Sofía Sebastián is a TAPIR Fellow (Transatlantic Post-Doc Fellowship for International Relations and Security), recently based at the nonpartisan Stimson Center. She holds a PhD in Government from the London School of Economics (LSE), an MSc in Foreign Service from Georgetown University, and a BA in Political Science and International Relations from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid.


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